The use of aromatic plants precedes the written monuments in which they are described. Archaeological data shows that the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria, Crete, and China have been skillful in the extraction and mixing of vegetable oils and ointments, using aromatic resins, infusions and wood. Barks of trees and herbs (incense, myrth, myrtle, cedar, cinnamon, fir, etc.) were burned during religious ceremonies as a gift to the Gods.
Aromatic compounds are found in the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs who lived more than 3000 years ago. The ancient Egyptians made infusions by placing resins, wood, etc. in water and oil, and then rubbed their bodies with the prepared substance. They also used these aromas to mummify the bodies of the dead, thus eternalizing them. Rich women were so enchanted by the use of natural fragrance perfumes that they applied a different fragrance to every part of their body every day. Cleopatra was a fan of fragrances to fanaticism. She was so skilled in their use that she perfumed the sails of her ship to attract Mark Antony's attention.